The Preamble to the Constitution of India

Preamble to the Constitution of India

The Preamble to the Constitution of India is a short basic explanation that sets out rules, which guide the people of India, and introduce the principles of the Constitution, and show the source from which the document determines its position and meaning. It reflects the expectations and hopes of the people. The introduction can be referred to as the preface which highlights the whole Constitution. It was adopted on 26 November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly and became effective on 26 January 1950, celebrated as the Republic day in India. The preamble was made in 1947 but adopted in 1949.

The preamble to the Constitution of India

The preamble to the Constitution of India is a presentation of the Constitution that gives the rules for the individuals, controls the individuals of India, gives the standards of the Constitution, and indicates the sources from which the document derives its powers, meaning, and authority. The Preamble can be referred to as the gist of the entire Constitution of India. The preamble of the Constitution is based on the Objectives which was first drafted and then moved to the Constituent Assembly and then came into effect on the 13th day of November 1946.

Historic Background

The preamble depends on the ‘Objectives Resolution which was drafted and moved in the Constituent Assembly by Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 December 1946. B. R. Ambedkar said about the preamble,

It was, surely, a lifestyle, which determines freedom, uniformity, and fraternity as the standards of life and which can’t be separated from one another: Liberty can’t be separated from equality, equality can’t be separated from liberty. Nor can liberty and equality be separated from the fraternity. Without equality, freedom would create the matchless quality of a couple of over the many. Equality without liberty would execute the singular activity. Without fraternity, equality and liberty couldn’t turn into a characteristic course of things.


The preamble to the Constitution of India

The preamble was amended just a single time on 18 December 1976, with the majority of the opposition being imprisoned during the Emergency in India, the Indira Gandhi government pushed through a few changes in the 42ndAmendment of the constitution. Through this amendment, the words “socialist” and “secular” were added between the words “Sovereign” and “democratic” and the words “unity of the Nation” were changed to “unity and integrity of the Nation”.

Meaning of the Terms:-


India is a Sovereign Country. It means the authority of the State is independent. The State is not controlled by any other State or external power. The power to make the rules and regulations are in the hand’s Legislature of that State.

Sovereign means the free authority of a State. It implies that it has the ability to administer regarding any matter; and that it isn’t dependent upon the control of some other State/outer force. As per the introduction, the constitution of India has been in pursuance of the serious goal of the individuals of India to comprise India into a ‘Sovereign, Democratic, Republic’, and to make sure about all around characterized objects set out in the preamble.

Sovereignty, in short, implies the independent authority of a state. It has two perspectives outer and inward. Outside power or sovereignty in international law implies the independence of a condition of the desire of different states, in her direction with different states in the advisory group of countries.


Before the term was included by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, the Constitution had communist substance as certain Directive Principles of State Policy. The term communist as utilized here alludes to majority rule communism, for example, an accomplishment of communist objectives through just, transformative and peaceful methods. It implies that (since riches is produced socially) riches ought to be shared similarly by society through distributive equity, not packed in the hands of not many and that the legislature ought to control the responsibility for and industry to decrease financial disparities.



The Secular means the country has no religion. The country is Neutral in the case of Religion. In India, everyone has the right to follow any religion. Secularism is also part of the basic structure of the Constitution of India and it means “equal respect and freedom for all the religions”.

Download- preamble of Indian constitution pdf

Secular means that the connection between the government authority and religious groups are resolved by constitution and law. It isolates the intensity of the state and religion. By the 42nd Amendment in 1976, the term “Secular” was likewise consolidated in the Preamble. There is no distinction of religion for example Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Christianity and Islam are similarly regarded and also, there is no state religion. All the citizens of India are permitted to claim, practice and propagate.


The people of India elect their Government by Universal franchise, also known as “one person one vote”. Each citizen of India 18 years old or older and not in any case suspended by law is qualified for vote. The word vote based refers not exclusively to a political vote based system yet in addition to social and monetary majority rule government.

 The word democratic refers not only to political democracy but also to social and economic democracy.



Republic indicates that the people of the State elect the Head of the State directly or indirectly. In India, the President is the head of the State and indirectly elected by us. The term of office of the President of India is 5 years.

The preamble to the Constitution of India

In a republic type of government, the head of state is chosen and not an inherited ruler. Hence, this word means a government where nobody holds public force as a restrictive right. Rather than a government, in which the head of state is designated on a hereditary reason forever or if nothing else until abduction, a majority rule republic is a substance wherein the head of state is chosen, straightforwardly or by implication, for fixed citizenship. In this manner, India has a prime minister who is elected and has a fixed term of office. There’s an absence of any privileged class and thus all open offices being opened to each citizen with no separation.


Justice stands for a system of equal rights, rule of law, and absence of arbitrariness, freedom, and opportunities for all.

India seeks social, economic, and political justice to ensure equality for its citizens.


(I) Social Justice:

Social Justice means no discrimination against any of the people on the basis of creed, caste, religion, and sex. Every person will be equal in the eye of the law.

(ii) Economic Justice:

there will be no discrimination between males and females on the basis of economic status.

(iii) Political Justice:

it stands for equal and fair opportunities to the people for participation in politics.


the idea behind Liberty is freedom in the activities of the citizen of India. It says that there are no unreasonable restrictions on the citizen’s expressions and thinking, etc.


This shows that every person is equal in front of the law. there will be no special provisions given to any person.



The fraternity refers to the feeling of brotherhood. The Preamble announces that fraternity gives the guarantee two things—the nobility of the individual and the solidarity and uprightness of the nation.

Major Cases of Preamble to the Constitution of India

Berubari Union case

Keshvananda Bharti v. the State of Kerala

Read also:

What is CAA?


What is NRC- National Register of Citizens

Effects of Adoption Under family Law


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